Thursday, June 25, 2020

How Ancient Greece Emulated the Egyptians and Left an Everlasting Legacy of Science, Art, and Trade - Free Essay Example

Truth beauty wrote John Keats, one of the most influential poets of the 19th century, as he admired the dark figures on an ancient vase in his poem On a Grecian Urn. To this day, the Ancient Greeks are known for their in-depth analyses of proportion, dedication to rationalism, and meditations on the definition of beauty. These ideas, now commonly classified under Classicism, actually have roots in Ancient Egyptian culture. It is no surprise that two of historys most advanced cultures, the Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Egyptians, are closely intertwined; a desire for truth and beauty bind the two. The Ancient Greeks found inspiration in their predecessors, the Ancient Egyptians, and improved upon many of their scientific and artistic advancements. The Greek emphasis on science, rationalism, truth, and beauty continues to shape todays world. Because of their contact with and admiration for the Ancient Egyptians and their culture, the Greeks pioneered the study of geometry and the natural sciences, created beautiful and lifelike sculptures, and established a trade network in Egypt that allowed them to expand their empire.Maths and SciencesMany people erroneously attribute the origins of geometry and mathematics to the Greek mathematician Pythagoras, however, another scientist, Thales of Miletus, predates him and his work. Thales of Miletus was the son of a wealthy merchant, and he visited Egypt at the young age of 22 during the 6th century BCE. Here, he studied natural phenomena such as earthquakes and the rise and fall of the Nile River in order to understand and explain their environment . At the time of his studies, local Egyptians worshipped Hapi, a fertility god associated with the flooding of the Nile River, to whom they offered prayers and gifts in hopes of ensuring a fruitful harvest. Rather than blame a supernatural entity for everyday occurences, Thales identified patterns, such as what time of the year the Nile River rose and fell, and most historians credit him for the switch between believing the gods were responsible for day-to-day events and [the belief] that if we understood natural phenomena we could actually explain and predict events. This concept of using experience and observation to understand the natural world is called rationalism, and it has directly impacted contemporary scie ntific thought. Empiricism, the belief that all knowledge comes from human experience and can be quantified numerically, and the scientific method both stem directly from Thales research, and it is for this reason that the Ancient Greeks are considered pioneers in the natural sciences.After years of observing and recording natural patterns and phenomena in Egypt, Thales of Miletus established the Milesian School of Science and Mathematics in the sixth century B.C., which produced some of ancient societys most influential scientists, including Pythagoras of Samos. Pythagoras of Samos, a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher, began his studies at the Milesian school, and although he is known for his geometric proofs and the Pythagorean theorem, he also questioned the concept of number, the concept of a triangle or other mathematical figure and the abstract idea of a proof, and introduced a degree of abstraction to the study of numbers, which had never been seen before. In fact, Pythagoras and his followers were likely the first to toy with the concept of rational and irrational numbers.In addition to his musings about numbers, Pythagoras made substantial contributions to the science of astronomy. While in Egypt, Pythagoras had the privilege of visiting temples and talking with Egyptian priests. He studied the Pyramids of Giza and and how they were located in relation to the stars, and he recognized that the orbit of the moon was inclined to the equator of the Earth. Only an intense desire for truth could motivate one to truly appreci ate the night sky and painstakingly study and record the movements of the stars and other celestial bodies like the Ancient Greek astronomers. Their love for measurement, experience, and proportion also manifests itself in the Ancient Greeks quest for perfection and beauty in the visual arts. Art Although the Ancient Egyptians were one of the first cultures to attempt to objectively define and depict physical beauty by using their canon of proportion, the Greeks adopted that calculated approach to depicting the human form and elevated it to a place it had never before been. Ancient Egyptian art used a universal system of depicting the human form in painting, hieroglyphics, and sculpture called the canon of proportions. In order to create this system, the Egyptians divided the human body, using a grid comprised of 18 equal squares this strict system of measurement divided the body into 18 equal parts from the hairline to the soles of the feet[and] the result was a standard set of proportions for all human beings depicted in wall paintings and stone sculptures. This systematic approach to art shows the Ancient Egyptians preference for idealized depictions of humans. For the most part, Egyptian statues depicted royal figures, and Egyptian pharaohs and their families held the sam e status as gods in their religious culture. The Ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife, and many of these statues were funerary statues. Perhaps this explains the lack of individualized features, because any detail that could possibly suggest a royals mortality would be considered profane. By eliminating characteristics such as wrinkles, moles, and baldness, the Egyptian sculptors ensured that their subjects appeared looked young, beautiful, and powerful forever.Evidence of this heavy artistic idealization can be found on Figure 1, an Egyptian statue of King Menkaure (Mycerinus) (c.2530 BC ) and his queen. Here, the shoulders are wider than the hips, indicating a person who is in good physical shape and health. The arms are equal in length, and everything follows the canon of proportions. The faces are blank and stern, and there are no otherwise differentiating features. The basalt is polished and shiny, the subjects face forward (characteristic of Egyptian canonical sculpture) and each subject has one leg that is foreshortened and extended towards the viewer, suggesting a more relaxed pose. The Ancient Greeks desired perfection in their artwork, but not at the expense of individualism and naturalism in their depiction of the human form. The Greeks appreciated the canon because it established] a standard and impose[d] an aesthetic order it was an order of ratios and numbers.[and] it forced the artist to think ahead. Rationalism dominated the Greek approach to the arts as they too used ratio and equations to search for the perfect proportions in their sculpture.Figure 2 depicts a Kouros (Greek for young boy) statue; these Archaic Greek sculptures express an faithfulness to the Egyptian canon of proportions, and they could be found all over the Greek-speaking world. Lik e Figure 1, Figure 2 shows an individual facing forward, with one leg in front of the other. However, unlike Figure 1, Figure 2 shows an attempt to include features that add an element of individualism and naturalism to the piece. For example, the Kouros appears to have lines in the hair that delineate braids and texture, unlike the smooth, black surface of the subjects hair in Figure 1. The kneecaps are clearly defined and his genitals are visible. Rather than smooth everything out and show an idealized and polished version of this young boy, artist clearly intended to portray him as naturally as possible.The Archaic period and the Kouros statues express a dedication to the canon, but it would be a few hundred more years before the enormous, intensely detailed and lifelike statues for which the Ancient Greeks are known, would become commonplace in their society. In Figure 3, it is clear that the Greek sculptor Polykleitos not only paid extreme detail to using accurate proportions, but he also elevated the piece by including elements of naturalism and individualism. This piece is widely known as one of the best examples of Ancient Greek sculpture from fifth-century BCE because it portrays the masculine ideal. By this time in history, the Ancient Greeks had long strayed from the stern and idealized statues of their Egyptian predecessors. Similar to Figures 1 and 2, Figure 3 retains the forward-facing, one-leg-extended stance that was required by the canon of proportions. The shoulders are wide, still wider than his hips, and the attention to detail is extraordinary. The facial features and haircut are specific to the subject, and the figure is perfectly proportionate. By the fifth-century BCE, the Greek concept of beauty had evolved to include not only perfect proportions, but also lifelike details such as fingers, genitals, and specific hairstyles and textures. To clarify, the sculpture in Figure 3 is still highly idealized. Doryphoros physique appears perfect there isnt a wrinkle, mole, or bald spot that could potentially suggest that he is sick, or aging, or not in the prime of his life. His chest looks muscular and strong, his nose has a prominent bridge, and he is honestly drop-dead gorgeous. Doryphoros does not just suggest perfection, as the Ancient Egyptian sculptures attempted to do; he is perfection. Every line and curve and ab and rib looks like it is supposed to be there. When the Greeks adopted the Egyptian proportional system [their] sculpture acquired finish, elegance, and precision. The Greeks had access to marble, a stone that was not prevalent in Greece, which led to a smooth finish that closely resembles human skin, unlike the limestone and sandstone pieces commonly created by the Egyptians.This particular piece originated from a bronze cast, which has long since been lost, and it shows that the Greeks intended to replicate this piece over and over again, and try to preserve the perfect balance of the natural and the ideal that they struck.Clearly, the Greeks made substantial contributions to the visual arts, and remnants of their sculpture and pottery can be found at archaeological sites all around the world. That their items are so widespread and respected is evidence of Greeces history and success with of international trade, which allowed them to spread their politics, culture, and art worldwide. Trade In addition to their contributions to the sciences and the visual arts, the Ancient Greeks helped globalize the Ancient world after establishing trading colonies in other countries, particularly in Egypt. Both countries have a long and rich history of trading goods and ideas by way of the Mediterranean Sea and the Silk Road. The fertile Nile River served as a breadbasket and Egypt was a major source of grain for Greek cities, [which was] essential for securing sufficient supplies of grain particularly in times of crisis. Without access to these Egyptian grain supplies, it is possible that a lack of food security would have caused internal conflict within the country. By establishing solid trade relations with Egypt, the Greeks set themselves up for success and paved the way to becoming world leaders. The majority of contemporary knowledge of how the Egyptian and Greek economies functioned comes from the Greek historian Herodotus accounts of history and trade. The Egyptians had a str ong economy that was controlled by the Pharaohs and the state. According to Herodotus, Psammetichus I [an Egyptian pharaoh], initially had to contend for control of Egypt, and he secured his rule with the help of Greek mercenaries; [therefore] permanent Greek mercenary camps were established in the [Nile River] Delta. The Greeks helped secure the Egyptian empire, and many decided that they wanted to stay in Egypt and live as merchants in a port city near the mouth of the delta called Naukratis. The Egyptians, however, were extremely protective of their economy, and one needed permission from the Pharoah to reside in Naukratis. It was an extremely diverse city, full of people of many other cultures who wanted to trade with Egypt. Naukratis . [was]functioning as a strictly controlled marketplace for long-distance exchange that protected the local [Egyptian] system from external influence. The Greeks found themselves in a trade hub in one of the most fertile and technologically advanced regions in the world, and they took full advantage of it, whic h allowed them to expand their empire and become leaders in the ancient world.Naukratis was not only a popular destination for trading goods, but also for trading cultural norms and ideas. For this reason, this ancient city is widely known as one of the earliest hubs of globalization. Economists suggest that the phenomenon of merchant colonies greatly increased during this period, following the expansion of the trade networkthe establishment of the large empirescreated more favourable conditions for merchants to move across wider areas and settle far from their homelands. Residing in a country outside of their own borders allowed Greek merchants and their families to learn new languages, spread the Greek language throughout North Africa and the Ancient Near East, and establish solid trade networks throughout the world. Evidence suggests that these routes of trade tended to outlast the political empires through which they crossed, and this is how the Greeks solidified themselves as leaders in trade.In conclusion, the Ancient Greeks were heavily dependent on the Ancient Egyptians for many, if not all, of their scientific, cultural, and artistic advancements. By closely s tudying the Ancient Egyptians and then improving on their advancements, the Greeks pioneered rational scientific thought, created amazing sculptures and monuments that still stand today, and helped globalize the ancient world by utilizing the Nile River delta and fostering positive international trade connections with North Africa and the Near East. Illustrations Figure 1. Basalt Statue of Egyptian Royals. King Menkaure (Mycerinus) and queen, 2490â€Å"2472 B.C.E., greywacke\Figure 2. Marble statue of a kouros (youth). Taken from https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/32.11.1/Figure 3. Doryphoros. Taken from Museum of Classical Archaeology, Cambridge. https://museum.classics.cam.ac.uk/collections/casts/doryphoros-0BibliographyAltaweel, Mark. Revolutionizing a World. UCL Press, 2018.Bergeron, Marianne. Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt. British Museum. Accessed May 03, 2018. https://www.britishmuseum.org/naukratis.Cagalgno, Claire. Reviewed Work(s): Naukratis: Trade in Archaic Greece by Astrid Meller Review By: Claire Calcagno. Reviewed Work(s): Naukratis: Trade in Archaic Greece by Astrid Meller Review By: Claire Calcagno. Accessed May 03, 2018. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3116549.Davis, Whitney M. Egypt, Samos, and the Archaic Style in Greek Sculpture. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 67 (1981): 61. doi:10.2307/3856603.Doryphoros. Museum of Classical Archaeology. Accessed May 03, 2018. https://museum.classics.cam.ac.uk/collections/casts/doryphoros-0.Drijvers, Jan Willem. Strabo 17.1.18 (801C): Inaros, the Milesians and Naucratis, Mnemosyne 52.1 (1999), Pp. 16-22. Academia.edu. Accessed May 03, 2018. https://www.academia.edu/330427/Strabo_17.1.18_801C_Inaros_the_Milesians_and_Naucratis_Mnemosyne_52.1_1999_pp._16-22.Egyptian Proportions. https://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/citi/resources/Rsrc_001848.pdf.Thales. Famous Scientists. Accessed May 03, 2018. https://www.famousscientists.org/thales/.King Menkaure (Mycerinus) and Queen. Khan Academy. Accessed May 03, 2018. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ancient-art-civilizations/egypt-art/predynastic-old-kingdom/a/king-menkaure-mycerinus-and-queen.OConnor, J.J. Pythagoras of Samos. School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland. January 1999. Accessed May 02, 2018. https://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Biographies/Pythagoras.html.Pyth agoras Greek Mathematics The Story of Mathematics. The Story of Mathematics. Accessed May 03, 2018. https://www.storyofmathematics.com/greek_pythagoras.html.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Comparison Of True Grit And The Outsiders - 1695 Words

Throughout history, many authors have created award-winning novels which have been deemed worthy for a film adaptation. With a variety of these adaptations, the film directors attempt to capture the messages that were portrayed in the book and faithfully develop each of the book’s characters. Moreover, two certain books which were favored for their loving characters and encouraging themes are True Grit by Charles Portis and The Outsiders by S. E. Hinton. While the 1968 western novel by Portis follows a young girl, who goes on an adventure in pursuit of avenging her father’s death, the 1967 novel by Hinton, categorized as young adult fiction, encompasses the life of a young boy and his misadventures living in a small town as a â€Å"greaser.†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦show more content†¦Many would argue that he did nothing in the slightest bit that would make him deserve his untimely death. Another event in the novel that helps build this sympathy is the time when Chaney shot at Frank even though â€Å"[he] was not armed at that time† (14). Readers are able to grasp the fact that Frank, in no way, provoked Chaney. Instead, Frank was unjustly killed by a rifle in the hands of an angry drunken man who was about to make a fool of himself after losing his money. Even though Frank knew confronting Chaney might end in his demise (because he knew Chaney had a gun), Frank decided he would rather risk his life trying to prevent his friend from appearing foolish rather than live with himself knowing he could have done something to prevent the imprudent confrontation. Overall, the way the novel presents Frank plays an important role in how readers interpret the rest of the novel. Because readers know more about Frank’s past as a man of compassion, readers interpret Mattie’s quest to avenge Frank’s death as a journey of seeking justice for a man who did not deserve to die. However, the way viewers perceive Mattie’s adventure is great ly altered in the 2010 adaptation of this film by Ethan and Joel Coen. The 2010 adaptation of this film, by Ethan and Joel Coen, does not capture the important elements of Frank’s life. Even though the film begins with the firstShow MoreRelatedCompare Two Western Films Made at Least Twenty Years Apart on the Basis of the Three of the Five Frameworks Studied in the First Block of the Unit, and the Elements of the Western Genre Studied in the Second Block of the Unit.3922 Words   |  16 Pagesblock of the unit. Films selected: The Great Train Robbery (1903) v True Grit (2010) Introduction: When Thomas Edison asked Edwin S.Porter to make The Great Train Robbery (1903) little did either realise that this film would be the beginning of not only the Western genre but an entire movie industry. The silent classic, The Great Train Robbery depicts a famous railroad robbery by a notorious gang while the True Grit (2010) shows us the beauty and savagery of the West through a tale of murderRead MoreThe taste of melon by borden deal11847 Words   |  48 Pages I hadn’t known I was going to say those words. To this day I don’t know why I said them. It was all mixed up with Willadean and the rumour of Mr. Wills having his gun loaded with double-ought buckshot and the boys still thinking of me as an outsider. It surged up out of me—not the idea of making my name for years to come by such a deed, but the feeling that there was a rightness in defying the world and Mr. Wills. Mixed up with it all there came into my mouth the taste of watermelon. I couldRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesSUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL 24 Diagnostic Survey and Exercises 24 Personal Assessment of Management Skills (PAMS) 24 What Does It Take to Be an Effective Manager? 28 SSS Software In-Basket Exercise 30 SCORING KEY AND COMPARISON DATA 42 Personal Assessment of Management Skills 42 Scoring Key 42 Comparison Data 42 What Does It Take to Be an Effective Manager? 43 SSS Software In-Basket Exercise 43 PART I 1 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 45 DEVELOPING SELF-AWARENESS SKILL ASSESSMENT 46 Diagnostic Surveys for

Monday, May 18, 2020

Analysis Of Salman Rushdie s Essay - 1028 Words

Analysis of Salman Rushdie’s Essay; Reality TV: A Dearth of Talent and the Death of Morality In his essay, Reality TV: A Dearth of Talent and the Death of Morality, Salman Rushdie argues that the popularity of reality television shows should both alarm us and enlighten us as we examine their success. What is Rushdie’s primary argument, and in what tone does he make his plea? How well does Rushdie keep our attention as a writer and are his arguments credible? Are his claims supported by hard evidence or merely conjecture? And finally, from this essay what can his audience surmise about Rushdie’s world view, biases and opinions of society at large and the media in particular? As we explore Salman Rushdie’s essay let us keep an open mind even if reality television is our favorite form of entertainment. Our first clue of what Rushdie’s premise will be is found in the title that points out his opinion that reality television shows are both talentless and potentially immoral. Although his tone is a bit schoolmarmish we are drawn in by his edgy language, for example, â€Å"In spite of all the talk in Britain about nasty Nick and flighty Mel, and in America about the fat, naked bastard Richard manipulating his way to desert-island victory† (1). Rushdie claims very little knowledge about reality television and while not a fan; he only recently became part of the reality TV audience. Can we validate the opinion of someone who has so little understanding of the subject in question?Show MoreRelatedLiterature : A New Realm Of Understanding Of Human Nature And Behavior1761 Words   |  8 Pagesartistic works that fall within a certain central theme; examples of genre include Romance, Mystery, Crime, Fantasy, Erotica, and Adventure. Indo-Anglican novel begins with K.S.Ventkataramani s kandan the patriot (1935) and MulkRaj Anand s Untouchable (1935) and Coolie (1936). Raja Rao s Kanthapura is Indian terms of its story telling qualities Rabindranath Tagore wrote in Bengali and Mukerji was the first Indian author to win a literary award in the united-fiction is best knownRead More Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children Essay4083 Words   |  17 PagesSalman Rushdie’s ‘Midnight’s Children’ 1 Introduction This paper will try to show how Salman Rushdie uses narrative technique, genre and the concept of history in a very new way in Midnight’s Children in order to place his story outside the euro-centric tradition of literature, narrative and history. These traditions, appearing in the colonial period, have constructed a notion of universalism in literature where the ‘classics’ of the western canon have set the order of the day (AshcroftRead MoreEssay on The Media Violence Debate3490 Words   |  14 Pagesbecause of numerous concerns raised with regards to the negative influences that these form of entertainment bring. Many of today’s children grow up with a television at home or even in their own rooms and there have been studies dedicated to the analysis of their impact of a young child growing up to adolescence. Young children are heavily influenced by television and video games, many of which are educational. While there are fun educational sho ws and games that benefit educational development forRead MoreThe Prophet Muhammad: Faith Sensitive and Critical Approach Appraisals2124 Words   |  9 Pagesand perspectives held by different people. The main two approaches are Emic (insider’s points of view) and Etic (outsider’s point of view), where Emic is ‘faith sensitive’ and Etic is a ‘critical approach’ as described by Clinton Bennett. In this essay, I will discuss Bennett’s theory of the faith sensitive and critical approach when studying religion. Thereafter I am going to explore the debates set out by Emic and Etic sources and what they say about the biographies written about The Prophet MuhammadRead MoreIdentity And The Search For The Self Among The Sub Continental Diaspora10173 Words   |  41 Pageslike the â€Å"gay diaspora, anti- capitalist diaspora or networks of terror diaspora†. Brubaker warns that â€Å"if everyone is Diasporic, then no one is distinctivel y so†. In order to put into frame the vast area of diaspora, William Safran in his seminal essay, â€Å"Diasporas in Modern Societies: Myths of Homeland and Return† in the first volume of the journal â€Å"Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies†(1997) categorises the diaspora as a group of people who move to a host land yet who still maintain someRead More Outside the Teaching Machine by Gayatri Spivak2753 Words   |  11 PagesIt is hardly debatable that Edward W. Said’s Orientalism (1978) has been the foundational text of what has come to be known as postcolonial studies. In the book, Said charts the Western world’s construction(s) of â€Å"an inferior East† by underscoring how the authorizing/ authoritative â€Å"Occident† continues to produce an objectified and negatively stereotyped â€Å"Orient;† Drawing on Foucault’s concept of â€Å"discourse† and Gramsci’s notion of â€Å"hegemony,† Said traces the evolution of European power/ knowledgeRead MoreNatural Law Theory Essay6453 Words   |  26 Pagesargument posed by Rasch is that human rights possess personal character which means in spirit that they cannot intrinsically adhere to the cultural, religious and social differences. This contention will be the basis of the remaining space of this essay. Rasch holds, that both Rawls, Habermas who were inspired by the Kantian project of discerning the rational ordering of human society is the project of a â€Å"universalist ideology† that is homogenous and self justificatory. In other words he is arguing

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Long Term Psychological Effects Associated with Sexual...

The long term psychological effects associated with sexual assault includes, depression, substance use, anxiety, PTSD, and decreased self esteem (Foa Riggs, 1993; Resick, 1993). The authors of this article supports current literature which proposes that African American children receives inadequate or inappropriate sexuality socialization and sexual abuse prevention in their cultures and families which may affect their disclosure of sexual assault in adulthood (Washington, 2001;Wyatt, 1992). Comaz-Diaz (1995), suggests that value that is placed on girl’s virginity, the shame of the victim, and cultural silence against discussing sexual matters are family values that are invoked to prevent disclosure on sexual assault. Incomplete or inappropriate sexuality socialization in childhood may affect one’s ability to identify abuse and as a consequence delay or hinder the disclosure of sexual abuse in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. African American women are reluctant to disclose their sexual abuse publicly or privately (Ullman Filipas, 2001). The authors hypothesize that stigmas and stereotypes serves as barriers to disclosing sexual abuse among African Americans. Specifically, the internalizations of these symptoms and stereotypes may lead women to the misconception, that their experiences as sexual assault and the knowledge that others, uphold these stereotypes and stigmas which can cause doubt and mistrust that systems will not recognize them as legitimate victimsShow MoreRelatedSexual Assault Essay examples1113 Words   |  5 PagesSexual Assault described in technical terms is defined as any sort of sexual activity between two or more people in which one of the people involved is involved against his or her will. (3) The description of against his or her will extends to varying degrees of aggression, ranging from indirect pressure to a direct physical attack. While sexual assaults are associated with th e crime of rape, it may cover assaults which would not be considered rape. What constitutes a sexual assault is determinedRead MoreNegative Effects Of Rape1166 Words   |  5 Pagesworld. Sexual violence is one of the most emotionally and physically damaging crimes committed specifically rape. About 86,000 cases of rape are reported annually in the U.S alone (Seth)! On of the most frequently committed acts of sexual violence is rape. Damaging effects of rape can be life long. Whether or not these effects are visible to the physical eye, they can alter and deeply impact a person s life. According to Samantha Gluck victims of rape experience both short and long-term psychologicalRead MoreDomestic Violence And Sexual Violence1411 Words   |  6 PagesThe term domestic violence is defined as the deliberate frightening, sexual and physical assault, or a behavior that is abusive or intolerable to others as a part of the regular sequence of power and the domination executed by one confidant companion to the other. The patterns of domestic violence usually comprise of the sexual violence, abusing the partner emotionally, psychological assault, and the physical violence. It is dramatic that how the severity and the frequency of the occurrences of theRead MoreSerial Killers Case Study1526 Words   |  7 Pagesin life. This case study will focus on Jeffery Dahmer, while tracing his psychological dysfunction back to his childhood. Though comparing him to other case studies What defines a â€Å"Serial† killer? In the book â€Å"mind hunters† by John Douglass (1998) he explains Serial killer is a term describing a type of killer who kills many people over an extended period. They are generally male and motivated by a variety of psychological urges, primarily power. The United States Bureau of Justice Statistics definesRead MoreThe Effects Of Sexual Assault And Rape On The Mind, Body, And Spirit1393 Words   |  6 PagesThere are many short and long term effects of sexual assault and rape that affect the mind, body, and spirit. Many survivors experience one or more of these effects and they are not mutually exclusive. Many people who go through traumatic events may find thats it can take some time to re-adjust and cope for a period of time after the event. The residual mental, physical and spiritual effect of sexual assault and rape can permeate the daily lives of survivors,which makes it difficult to heal. ForRead MoreBeing Part Of A Stigmatized Group1287 Words   |  6 Pagesthe term sexual stigma to describe this phenomenon in relation to sexual minorities. Sexual stigma, in the researcher’s terms, means that there is an inferior status in relation to a society that does not tolerate of any nonheterosexual behavior, identity, or relationship (Herek Garnets, 2007). An example of this stigma would be a religion frowning upon a homosexual relationship and not tolerating or devaluing the homosexual couple. Herek also describes this at an individual level: sexual prejudiceRead MoreThe Effects Of Sexual Assault On College Campuses1610 Words   |  7 PagesA common worry of female freshman is the threat of sexual assault victimization on her college campus. Although the emotional treatment of sexual victimization is prevalent on campuses nationwide, research has neglected to explore the effect the assault has on academic performance (Faravelli, Guigni, Salvatori, Ricci, 2004). Can being sexually victimized within the first or second semester of a female’s freshman year of college negatively impact academic performance? Current research has shownRead MoreDomestic violence INTRODUCTION is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual1200 Words   |  5 PagesDomestic violence INTRODUCTION is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault and/or other abusive behavior perpetuated by an intimate partner against another. National coalition Against Domestic Violence, Domestic Violence Facts (www.ncadv.org/files/domesticviolencefactsheet) Domestic violence is also referred to as intimate partner violence (IPV), Spousal abuse, and Family violence and dating abuse. It occurs all over the world, cutting across all cadres of the societyRead MoreSexual Orientation And Race Domestic Violence1094 Words   |  5 PagesOctober is also known for being an awareness month for domestic violence. Domestic violence can be categorized into physical, emotional, and psychological violence against not only women but also men. Domestic violence can happen to anyone of any age and gender starting from babies and ending to elderlies in homes they are sent to live in. Regardless of one’s sexual orientation and race domestic violence can occur to anyone who are in relationships. Domestic violence not only affects those who are theRead MoreChild Sexual Abuse Within The United States1417 Words   |  6 PagesChild Sexual Abuse: It’s Prevalence and Severity in The United States Today, Americans fail to realize the prevalence and severity of child sexual abuse within the United States. Though crimes of adult rape are of equal importance, the sexual victimization of children, ages seventeen and under, accounted for nearly 70% of all reported sexual assault cases in 2015. To further the issue, arrests were made in only 29% of these child sexual abuse cases; this means that for every ten sexual abuse cases

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Are Girls Get Exposure - 897 Words

Girls get exposure to sexualized messages through, TV, ads, song lyrics, videos, and movies. Television shows and movies depict the attractive, sexy girls as being associated with the popular crowd (APA 6). The APA has noted that advertisements use a blurred framework known as â€Å"trickle up† and â€Å"trickle down† with the sole purpose of making girls appear to be more adult like, and women to appear more child-like. For example, network TV aired a Victoria Secret’s Christmas themed fashion starring models dressed up to look like children. They strutted across the runway in baby doll lingerie as they dragged stuffed animals behind them (APA 12). Music is overflowing with songs that sexualize and degrade women (APA 6). Research has shown that children and teenagers on average listen to more than 2 hours of music a day (Parker-Pope). The message that young people are receiving from both female and male artists reinforce that sexualization of females is norm al and accepted. For example, coming in at number 3, on September’s 2015 Billboard’s Top 100 is male artist OMI with the song Cheerleader (â€Å"Music: Top 100†). The artist describes his perfect woman to be someone who is submissive and knows her place. She is gorgeous and thin and does what he requests. A little further, down on the list coming in at number 7, is artist Selena Gomez with the song Good for You (â€Å"Music: Top 100†). The female artist sings about wanting to look good for a man. She does this by putting on a dressShow MoreRelatedDisney Princess Movies And Childrens Impact On Beauty And Body Image1297 Words   |  6 PagesCinderella, Sleeping Beauty, Ariel, Belle, and Jasmin are all too familiar to little girls. These characters are often the response when girls are asked, â€Å"What do you want to be when you grow up†? When boys are asked a similar question, their responses are much more masculine, a fireman, policeman, or foo tball player. This paper will focus on the Disney Princess movies and the role they play in shaping a young girls perspective of beauty and body image and what effects they have on children’s viewsRead MoreGaming Habits among Genders Essays944 Words   |  4 Pagesgaming, there are major attributes that affect preference such as, exposure, goals, and values. The gaming industry brought in $18.8 billion dollars, an increase of 40 percent compared to the prior year. In 2007 267.8 million games were sold, averaging out to about 540 games being bought per minute. The exposure of games is widely spread, 68 percent of households in the U.S. play games. The difference of however is, the amount of girls and boys playing. 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Historical Background of the 1987 Constitution - 3415 Words

THE BACKGROUND OF THE PRESENT CONSTITUTION Historical Background of the 1987 Constitution The history of the 1987 Constitution began on 11 April 1899, the date when the Treaty of Paris between the United and Spain of 10 December 1898 became effective upon the exchange of instruments of ratification of both countries. But the sources of the 1987 Constitution are (i) McKinley s Instructions to the Second Philippine Commission; (ii) Spooner Amendment; (iii) Philippine Bill of 1902; (iv) Jones Law of 1916, otherwise known as the Philippine Autonomy Act; (v) 1935 Constitution; (vi) 1973 Constitution and (vi) Freedom Constitution of 1986 and its implementing orders. Treaty of Paris Under the Treaty of Paris, the Philippines was†¦show more content†¦The Bill also defined for the first time who the citizens of the Philippines were. They were all the inhabitants of the Philippine islands who were subjects of Spain as of 11 April 1899, who continued to reside therein, and all the children born subsequent thereto. This definition is still good law today. Jones Law On 29 August 1916, the US Congress passed the Jones Law, otherwise known as the Philippine Autonomy Act. It established a tripartite government with real separation of powers; this was the prototype of our present set-up. The executive power was in the hands of an American Governor-General, who was independent of the Legislature, and who was given the power to suspend the writ of habeas corpus and impose martial law without the recommendation of the Legislature. The Legislature was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives, all composed of Filipinos. The judiciary continued to be made up of the Supreme Court, the CFIs and Justice of Peace Courts. 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Wade Court Case1586 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract The research that I chose to elaborate my topic on is the Roe v. Wade court case which is about abortion. The case history is about a woman who was single and pregnant; she decided to bring a stimulating challenge suit to the constitution of Texas laws. The laws that Texas made were given to prohibit mothers from aborting children because it was a crime. They could not do it without medical advice for the reason that it was to save the life of the unborn child. As I begin to go into detailRead MoreSouth Korea s Historical Struggle With Tyrannical Rule Essay2059 Words   |  9 PagesAbstract Considering South Korea’s historical struggle with tyrannical rule, the nation has become quite a democratic force, mirroring its European and American counterparts. 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Interpersonal Skills and Communication

Question: Discuss about the Interpersonal Skills and Communication. Answer: Introduction: The act of communication is an inevitable and integral part of any society. It is a major phenomenon of the concerned social makeup (Greene 2013). The cognitive framework of the human mind reiterates the importance of communication in every aspect. Based on this hypothesis, the argument revises the weight of interpersonal skills involved while listening, questioning and providing feedback. The chosen scenario and field of application is in a classroom where the process of communication plays a significant role. The discussion summarizes the relevant premises that can be drawn concerned with the interaction procedure. All the three components of questioning, feedback and listening are evaluated in regards to the required interpersonal skills. The essay elucidates the chosen field of education and effectively reviews the prospects of communication in this discipline. This not only discovers the nature of interaction between students and tutors but also facilitates their harmonious enga gement, by virtue of social interface process. Howard Giles highlights on the assertiveness of accommodation which takes place when two communicators interact by employing anyone of the modes of communication (Gallois and Giles 2015).The two factors that have been proposed through this theory are convergence and divergence. The dynamics of speech act theory can be effectively relegated to this dynamics of interpersonal skills that is beneficent in nature. The subject matter involves the perceptions, image and other psychological tools that can be employed for the identifying and improving on the skills (Weekley and Ployhart 2013). Communication Accommodation Theory particularly reflects this idea which applies on the conventions of human engagement techniques (Wood 2105). The American Psychological Association reasserts the foundations of cognitive since and regards active listening as one of the derivatives of the social and psychosomatic experiments that are being carried out (Cahill 2014). Listening initiates the secondary processes of communication. Carl Rogerss emphasize on active listening as a model of perceptions facilitates listening as a core criteria for comprehending the needs of the rest of the premises (Floyd 2014). In order to execute a nice conversation careful and coordinated listening is required. Listening acts as the mediator and reaches out quite effectively. The approach of validating the thoughts and opinions of the speaker are the main ingredient of listening. It is a demonstration of skills those when practiced aids in better understanding, and often preserves patience in the communicator (Jensen 2013). The message which are been conveyed must be heard so that it can be followed by a relevant response. It challenges the endura nce of the listener and nurtures the empathetic nature of an individual. It is equally necessary to hear out, so that there are no chances for miscommunications. Listening is the essential agent of communication in a discipline where the professor and the pupil are involved ( Wilkins et al. 2015). Organizations can attain efficient functionality only when the team has cooperation and collaboration, the practice of active listening can not be acquired in a day. The students should incorporate the habit of listening in their course work as Imparting education and gaining knowledge are the two main aspects in this field which can be further improvised on the ethics of proper listening (Beebe, Beebe and Edmund 2014). On behalf of the arguments developed it can be declared that listening is a potent factor which analyses the course of action between the scholar and the teacher. The feedback premise involves the response pattern in the circle of communication. Communication mechanism adheres to the characteristics of feedback or the response which is developed following the whole course of communication. Feedback has been a vastly underestimated sector in the concept of interpersonal communication (Sommer and Kulkarni 2012). One of the significant skills that one can hone to enhance their attitude and interpersonal behavior is through the right retort at the right place. Any communications have various objectives to meet and one among it is the relevant reaction that is applicable in a scenario of a university, school campus. Feedback composes of the nature of the future interactions between the said communicators. Additionally, it paves the way for the individuals to foster a trusting and cooperative climate in the organization which will evantuaally eradicate the communication gaps left behind due to lack of feedback practice (Baker et al. 2013). There is an inescapable need to develop a feedback-friendly culture in the society to encourage and enhance the meaningfulness of feedback in the public (Sommer and Kulkarni 2012). Feedback from the scholars as well as the students both defines the best communication strategies in an environment which operates on mutual understanding. The accurate way and mannerisms to react to the concerned queries or the topic of discussion composes of the skills required for interpersonal improvement (Jensen 2013).In a discipline that deals with cognitive procedures and thought process, it takes feedback as the real context of the communication. Questioning can be regarded as one of the most crucial process of maintaining the communication cycle (Pezzulo et al. 2013). With a reference that dates back to the age of Renaissance, identifying and raising query upholds the whole scenario. Interpersonal skills of questioning evaluate and assess the outline of the communication (Marx 2015). Skills that aid in resolving issues also inspect more into the concerned matter. The data and analysis that formulates the theories answers the conventional queries. The structure of the communication follows the questioning pattern (Madianou and Miller 2013). The message that is transferred between the sender and the receiver are explored with this premise of questioning. The scope of the topic is inherent and develops new information based on the discussion of the two communicators. The psychoanalysis phenomenon based on the cognition and contradictory ideologies gives rise to questions (Weekley and Playhart 2013). It enhances the thinking and comprehending ability of the two conversant. This hypothesis examines the pertinence of elements those are being discussed through the scope of communication. Question and answer are literally one of the fundamental scopes in a school or academic setup. Naturally the scholar is the recipient of the hypothesis and inferences drawn from the experience and experiments (Madianou and Miller 2013). Questioning skills improve their ability to appreciate and accordingly they subjugate the tendencies of low self esteem and confidence. The elaborate discussions needs approval from the tutors, therefore examination is the organ of questioning in this case. In the same manner, the scholars can widen their scope knowledge and intelligent quotients. Therefore, this analysis establishes a concise argument of the interpersonal skills of questioning through it. The theoretical compositions of the identities of social behavior are complex and multi disciplinary which can be reflected further with the codes of interpersonal skills. Through the involvement of Speech Act Theory and Communication Accommodation Theory, the concepts of communication have been explored. Research and studies have revealed how the interactions and dynamics between the scholar and the professors are maintained. In fact there are various medium of communication but language is considered as one of the vital source for conducting the course of interaction that finds employment through the raised arguments. Listening integrates the communication factors and elements between the students and the tutors. Mainly empathetic and active listening helps in coordinating and reviewing the magnitude of the topic. The declaration of feedback skills in supporting the interpersonal communication is subjective, but is considered as one of the important elements of the interaction meth ods. It helps in retaining the decorum of the discipline. It summarizes and revolves the issue of feedback which is an obligation as response activity is quite natural while presenting any matter. Feedback sponsors and regulates the medium of interpersonal skills effectively. Questioning extends and finally summarizes down the whole process. The critical assessment for the communication can be invested further through the questioning techniques. The information that can be inspected for further analysis takes place through the last premise of interpersonal skills. The arguments criticized by the virtue of the skills demanded by the essay have been discussed focusing on the qualities of listening, questioning and feedback. Reference list: Baker, A., Perreault, D., Reid, A. and Blanchard, C. M., 2013. Feedback and organizations: Feedback is good, feedback-friendly culture is better.Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne,54(4), 260. Beebe, S.A., Beebe, S.J. and Redmond, M.V., 2014. Interpersonal Communication: relating to others, 7thedn, Allyn and Bacon, Boston Cahill, J.L., 2014. University Professors Perceptions About the Impact of Integrating Google Applications on Students Communication and Collaboration Skills.Journal of Research Initiatives,1(2), p.7. DeJanasz, S.Z., Crossman, J., Campbell, N. and Power, M., 2014. Interpersonal skills in organizations, 2ndedn, Mc-Graw-Hill Education, North Ryde, NSW Derlaga, V.J. and Berg, J.H. eds., 2013.Self-disclosure: Theory, research, and therapy. Springer Science Business Media. Floyd, K., 2014. Empathic listening as an expression of interpersonal affection.International Journal of Listening,28(1), pp.1-12. Gallois, C. and Giles, H., 2015. Communication accommodation theory.The International Encyclopedia of Language and Social Interaction. Greene, J.O., 2013.Message production: Advances in communication theory. Routledge. Jensen, K.B. ed., 2013.A handbook of media and communication research: Qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Routledge. Madianou, M. and Miller, D., 2013. Polymedia: Towards a new theory of digital media in interpersonal communication.International Journal of Cultural Studies,16(2), pp.169-187. Marx, P.K., 2015. COMX 115S. 03C: Introduction to Interpersonal Communication. Pezzulo, G., Donnarumma, F. and Dindo, H., 2013. Human sensorimotor communication: A theory of signaling in online social interactions.PLoS One,8(11), p.e79876 Sommer, K. L. and Kulkarni, M., 2012. Does constructive performance feedback improve citizenship intentions and job satisfaction? The roles of perceived opportunities for advancement, respect, and mood.Human Resource Development Quarterly,23(2), 177-201. Weekley, J.A. and Ployhart, R.E. eds., 2013.Situational judgment tests: Theory, measurement, and application. Psychology Press.